Diabetes is a major cause of premature dying, blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation,it was the seventh leading cause of death in 2016.
This lead us to the simple question:
*what is this diabetes?
*types of diabetes.
*Diabetes diet types
* Diabetes treatment goal
*Diabetes food supplement.
In this article I will be working you through those and many more,all hopes are not lost fighting this battle, more knowledge about diabetes can surely put you in vantage position to access power to be in control of your health.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which high level of glucose( sugar), build up in the blood stream.
This disease containing glucose are characteristic symptoms of diabetes, these symptoms results from insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or resistance of the body tissues to insulin action or in some cases it may be a combination of both.
Glucose is the sugar serving as the fuel that provide the energy for our body cells,our liver has the capability to produce some glucose and the body can get the rest by digesting sugars starches and other foods we take.
On the other end insulin is the hormone that is produce by beta cells in a part of the pancreas, insulin control how much glucose the liver produces and also help in moving from the blood stream into our cells where they are right needed as a source of energy.
There are several kind of diabetes but the two most common type are:
Type 1 Diabetes
This usually develop between the age of 30 and tend to come up suddenly,in this type the body immune system attack and destroy beta cells in the pancreas so that it can no longer produce sufficient amount of insulin in the body.
This type 1 Diabetes is a serious condition that can not be treated simply by lossing weight or watching what you eat, people with type 1 disease must take insulin injections several times a day to prevent blood glucose from rising to a life threatening level.
Type 2 Diabetes
This account for between 90-95% of diabetes cases and usually start later in life, in this type,the beta cells still produced insulin but the quantity may be reduced or the body cells may be insulin resistant, people with this type 2 diabetes are obese.
Symptoms Of Diabetes
This type of diabetes develop gradually and is usually diagnosed in adulthood, this type 2 diabetes can often be controlled without insulin treatment through right exercise,a proper diet, weight loss and oral medication.
The symptoms of type 1 Diabetes is usually sudden, on the other hand the symptoms due to type 2 diabetes often develop gradually over the year.those symptoms are:
*weakness and fatigue
*weight loss that is not deliberate
*itchy and dry skin.
*unexplained tiredness or drowsiness
*increased frequency of urination
*Nausea or vomiting
*recurring infection such as urinary tract and vaginal yeast infection.
*slow healing of cut and wound
*excessive thirst and fluid intake.
Diabetes Treatment Goal
The goals of treating diabetes are keeping your blood glucose under control and preventing the development of long term complications, this can be best achieve depend on your age, weight, exercise habits, work schedule, health problem, current diet,and the present type of diabetes you are having.
A diabetes diet is a healthy eating plan that is natural rich in nutrients value and low in fat and calories,the key elements here are fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
The plan help you control your blood sugar- glucose, manage your weight and control heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure and high blood fats
Whenever you eat extra calories and fat your body create an undesirable rise in blood glucose,if this is not kept in check it can lead to serious health problem such as high blood glucose level, which if persistent may lead to long-term complications such as nerve, kidney and heart damage.
A diabetes diet is based on eating meals a day at regular time, this help you better use the insulin which your body produces or can get through a medication.
A registered dietitian can help you put together a diet based on your health goals, taste and lifestyle.
Diabetes recommend foods.
Choose healthy carbohydrates,fiber rich foods,fish and good fats.
Focus on healthy carbohydrates such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes such as beans and peas,low fat diary products such as milk and cheese.
Avoid less healthy carbohydrates such as foods and drink with added fats, sugar and sodium.
Heart healthy fish
Eat heart healthy fish at least twice a week,fish such as salmon, mackerel,tuna and sardines are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids which may help prevent heart disease.
Avoid fried fish and fish with high level of Mercury such as king mackerel.
Food containing monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can lower your cholesterol levels which includes Avocados,Nuts,Canola Olive and peanut oils.
Fiber rich foods.
Dietary fiber include all part of plant foods that your body can’t digest or absorb,fiber moderate how your body digests and help control blood sugar levels.
Foods that are high in fiber include vegetables, fruits,nuts legumes such as beans and peas and whole grain.
Your daily support for a healthy glucose balance.
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